Gastroenteritis

Posted by Toni - April 5th, 2014

Viral gastroenteritis is an infection caused by various viruses (rotavirus, adenoviruses and especially the Norwalk virus), which causes an inflammation of the gastric and intestinal mucosa. The virus penetrates the stomach and intestine and inflames the lining of these organs, which cease to fulfil its role temporarily. For this reason, a rejection of food occurs in the form of vomiting and diarrhoea. It usually lasts for 1 to 3 days and can be transmitted by direct contact with an infected person or by sharing covered, food or drinks. The most common symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

Cramps in the stomach with colic pain. Diarrhea. Moderate fever. Tiredness and muscle aches. Chills. Loss of appetite. The gastroenteritis symptoms may appear gradually: tiredness, muscle aches and then the intestinal box; or start of acute form with nausea and vomiting with diarrhea.

Diagnose the symptoms of viral infection with fever moderate, tiredness, muscle aches, chills and, above all, the appearance of the bowel box with vomiting and diarrhea, made suspicious of a box of viral gastroenteritis. Confirmation of similar pictures in the family or in the environment of the patient are very suggestive of the diagnosis. When in doubt, if you have an insurance doctor, it is best when seeing a doctor before so valued his case. Your treatment to avoid dehydration are effective liquids based on foods such as: rice; carrot, lentil or potato soups; the soups or broths skim; fresh fruit juices and mild infusions. Even water, supplemented with food, can be useful while other liquids are achieved. The liquid more effective to prevent dehydration is Oral serum or drinks of sportsmen with Aquarius type ions. In the event that the person vomits it, give slowly drinking until vomiting stops. In the diet should be removed absolutely dairy products (milk, cheese, yogurt) for a few days. Little by little, you can eat soft foods easy to digest: white fish, rice, cooked carrots, soups of meat, omelet, etc. avoid acids (such as orange juice), those containing caffeine or whatever very carbonated beverages. Dehydration is a major complication. Therefore, if the vomiting and diarrhea are persistent and do not give up, you should ask a doctor’s appointment for intestinal flu or viral gastroenteritis not usually lasts more than 1 to 3 days, however, it may take 1-2 weeks until their bowel habits return completely to normal.

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